Egypt’s 7000-year-old culture and heritage are indeed a treasure one can’t help but feel curious about. For those of us who seek stories wherever we go, this Mediterranean country’s elaborate past has attracted the attention of numerous archaeologists, explorers, artists, and scholars for years.
If you are a history buff, here are 6 Egypt landmarks you must visit on your Egypt holiday.
- Masterpieces of Egyptian architecture
- The Great Sphinx
- Temple of Luxor and Abu Simbel
1. Great Pyramid of Giza, Egypt
The Great Pyramid of Giza is the oldest and largest of the 3 pyramids in the Giza Necropolis bordering Cairo, Egypt. It is the only remaining member of the Seven Wonders of the World and is believed to have been built as a tomb for Fourth Dynasty Egyptian Pharaoh Khufu, constructed over a 20-year period concluding around 2560 BC.
2. The Great Sphinx
The Great Sphinx of Giza is a large half-human, half-lion statue in Egypt, on the Giza Plateau at the west bank of the Nile River near Cairo. The commonly used name “Sphinx” was given to it based on the Greek creature with the body of a lion, the head of a woman, and the wings of an eagle, though this sphinx has the head of a man.
It is one of the largest single-stone statues on Earth and is commonly believed to have been built by ancient Egyptians in the 3rd millennium BC.
3. Temple of Luxor
The Luxor Temple was dedicated to the Theban Triad of Amun-Re, his wife Mut, and his son Khonsu. The large ancient Egyptian temple complex is located on the east bank of the Nile River in the city once known as Thebes, but today it is known as Luxor.
Many festivals were celebrated in Thebes and the Temple of Luxor was the center of the most important one, the festival of Opet. Built largely by Amenhotep III and Ramesses II, the temple’s purpose appears to have been suitable for the rituals of the festival that sought to reconcile the human aspect of the ruler with the divine office.
Cairo, which means “The Vanquisher or “The Triumphant”, is the capital city of Egypt. It has a population of about 15.75 million people, making it the seventh most populous metropolitan area in the world. Old Cairo was founded in 648 AD near other Egyptian cities and villages, including the old Egyptian capital Memphis, Heliopolis, Giza, and the Byzantine fortress of Babylon in Egypt.
However, it was a new city built as a military garrison for Arab troops and was the closest central location to Arabia that was accessible to the Nile.
5. Abu Simbel, Southwest of Aswan
Abu Simbel is one of Egypt’s Seven Wonders. The archaeological site is comprised of two massive rock temples that were originally carved out of the mountainside during the reign of Pharaoh Ramesses II in the 13th century BC, as a lasting monument to himself and his Queen Nefertari.
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